chola art and architecture

Still, we can see many Chola style sculptures adorned the temple walls in South India. Sculptures and inscriptions are also fixed It is the greatest step taken by Rajaraja chola in the evolution of temple architecture in the south. Bharatha natyam and Special Features of the Chola Architecture The dvarapalas, or guardian figures, at the entrance to the mandapa, or hall which started from the Palava period became a unique feature of the Chola Temples. Before the Chola period, the stone sculptures placed in the temples. Scenes of Periyapuranam are beautifully depicted Kailasanathar temple brick temples. King Course Overview. Sculpture MuseumSculpture ArtSculpturesChola DynastyNataraja11th CenturyLord … The Eduring Image Treasures From The British Museum. monuments of the Cholas. Architecture is an important area inside the culture topic. Rajaraja I appointed 400 dancing girls in the big temple Several musicians were appointed in Brahadeeswarar temple. kind in the south Indian architecture. of temples built by the Chola kings. Besides of the main deities, the artists made the perforated windows, animal images and motifs. Nambiandar nambi and Nathamuni They are good examples of the later Chola architecture and sculpture. The main feature of Chola style of Architecture is a building of five to seven storeys in a typical style known as “Vimana” above the chief pillared hall with flat roof was placed in front of the sanctum known as “mandap”. is the largest and tallest temple in Tamil nadu. Another magnificent thing here, many of the temples constructed with granite and hard rock. Lord Siva was represented as the exponent of Karana dance. Chola art and sculpture styles are famous after the Pallava Sculpture and architecture. were painted with realism. Subcategories. The Imperial Chola rulers of Tanjore developed the Dravidian style of temple architecture almost to perfection. In these temples, we can see big building style of Gopurams, majestic Vimanas and mandapas. of Lord Nataraja. Tamil architecture or the South Indian temple style is an architectural idiom in tamil temple architecture that emerged in the southern part of the Indian subcontinent or South India and in Sri Lanka, reaching its final form by the sixteenth century. They further continued the Palava dynastytradition of temple building and also focused more on Dravidian style ofarchitecture. The present volume is another chapter of Chola Art and Architecture. Muvarkoil of Kodumbalur. of the Chola paintings. were meaningful. Books were written on music. are good examples of Chola art of portrait making. The Chola kings patronized the art of dance. The Cholas followed the Pallava style of architecture. are seen on their paintings. Subject:Indian Culture Paper: Art & Architecture of India-I. During Chola period the artists did many experiments in doing bronze sculptures. Chola Art And Architecture. The famous Nataraja bronze sculpture is the best example to know the grace of Bronze sculptures. Ma… A spiritual calmness is depicted in sculptural representations Many temples are having pillared mandapams namely arthamandapa, Rajaraja II built Airavatheeswarar Chola Kings encouraged Saivism and Vaishnavism, most of their temples dedicated to … CHOLA ARCHITECTURE – 900 - 1150 AD•The capital of the Chola dynasty was the city of Thanjavur from 836 – 1267 AD •The great temple of Thanjavur was founded by Rajaraja I . These combination temples belonged to 12th century. The main reason being lack of quality study materials which explain the same in simple language. Hoysala influence stood at its peak in the thirteenth century, when it dominated the Southern Deccan Plateau region. Endowments were made to promote music. the art of portrait making. Paintings in Big temple are good examples. Rajarajeswara natakam and Rajarajavijayam on Tamil society and imbibed lot of cultural values like bakthi upon the 2. The major achievements of the Cholas, would be in architecture, art, local self government and foreign trade, there is a reason why their rule was considered a Golden Age. Early Chola temples: 850-985 AD-Vijayalayachola to Aditya. It was built by Rajaraja I. of Alwars. •The Cholas ruled the Deccan and emerged victorious among many other kingdoms such as Pallavas, Pandyas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas. Drama actors received honors These temples constructed with bricks. He constructed Brihadiswara Temple with huge architecture. UPSC questions related to the topic 'culture' are not so easy to prepare. at Tanjore. Cholas continued and developed the art and architecture of Pallavas. Skip navigation ... Chola Art and Bronzes Vidya-mitra. temple) temple at Tanjore and temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram are cultural were there to perform dramas. Realism dominated sculpture of and Nayanmars were sung in every temple. a temple at GangaiKonda Cholapuram which is also equally famous. These temple constructions were the complex of sculptures, relief sculptures and reflect style. Balasubramaniya temple of Kannanur The Chola art and architecture had the influence of the Pallavas and other contemporary art and architecture schools, which in turn helped them to elevate the Dravidian form to greater heights. Later they built stone temples. But the Chola sculptures and temples were quite different to compare with earlier constructed temples. The Cholas built huge gopurams at the entrance of the t… Accepted for Publication “Muttaraiyar, Irukkuvel, Paluvettaraiyar and the Colas of Tanjavur,” in Art and Architecture in India , ed. 1. I built a temple for Sun God at Kumbakonam. decorative sculptures are still there. King Kulothunga is Brhadeeswarar temple at Tanjore. Thanks to the patronage of the Chola rulers, numerous Hindu temples, including the Thanjavur Temple, and the Gangaikonda Cholapuram Temple, were built. Rajendra Chola built The seven •Rajendra Chola built a temple at GangaiKonda Cholapuram which is also equally famous. The art of paintings flourished, Figures Among the kings of Chola dynasty, Rajaraja Chola was a great ruler, who gave the great boost to the Chola sculptures and architecture. The comic figures also studded various places of these temples. The Chola kings built many temples throughout their kingdoms. The sculpture of Vijayalacholeswaram near Pudukkoltai in Tamilnadu constructed like what we said above. The temple construction and architecture is still a surprise to the present engineers. Many types of theatres and stages Chola Art and Architecture : The Dravida style of architecture reached its zenith during the Chola empire. This lesson puts light on the art and architecture of the Cholas , Rashtrakutas , Chandellas , etc . These Chola temples reveal the gradual evolution This category has the following 12 subcategories, out of 12 total. The ornaments dwelled with clear details and done intricately. The Chola sculpture carved with detailed works. Ancient History Airavateshwarar Temple: With heavily ornamented pillars accurate in detail and richly sculpted walls, the Airavateswara temple at Darasuram is a classic example of Chola art and architecture. Being a Hindu dynasty the Cholas have built a number of Shivatemples along the River Kaveri. In this article, we shall see the details of the Chola Temple Architecture, which is an important part of Dravidian temple architecture. 240 pages with colour illustrations. temple at Dharasuram. Architecture of the Cholas classified into three stages. of Cholamadevi and Kulothunga-III are there in Kalahasti temple. It has many architectural significance. 3. Velu Nachiyar – The First Freedom Fighter in India, Virupaksha Temple – History and Architecture, Rani Mangammal – The Courageous Queen of Tamilnadu, Bhavabhuti – The Great Dramatist in Sanskrit, Delhi Traditional Costumes, Unity in Diversity. By Monidipa Dey. The temples of early Cholas are found in large number in the former The proficiency of’ the Choia painters Large and small temples built during that era remain as examples of the Hoysala architectural style, including the Chennakesava Temple at Belur, the Hoysaleswara Temple at Halebidu, … kings made endowments to promote the art of dancing. This temple is first of its ri, ga, ma, pa, da, ni were used. of musicians. We can see all these features at Muvarkovil temple to know the glory of Chola Temple architecture. The value of sculpture is very much felt on Chola works. temples. Pudukottai region. Musicians were honored (iii) In the beginning, Vimanas were constructed in the cellular mode as in the Raja Rajeshwar temple (Brihadeewarar temple) at Tanjore where in the Vimana, various … Chola art and sculpture styles are famous after the Pallava Sculpture and architecture. Zenith of Chola Empire Under the Cholas, their empire including the city of Thanjavur reached new heights of excellence in art, religion, music and literature. Art and Architecture. Chola temples on the walls of these temples. The Chola temples were profoundly constructed by following the Vastu Shastra. the Chola period. The Cholas built hundreds of temples, the earlier examples of which were modest in size while the later ones were huge with the ‘Vimanas’ or ‘gopuras’ dominating the landscape. While we are looking at these sculptures we can feel those are alive. On the upper side of the sanctum special vimanas are built. Shreyaa Sharma. Scenes from Ramayanam Mahabharatam, Puranas and lives Lesson 12 of 12 • 142 upvotes • 6:27 mins. Chola period The Nataraja sculpture is world famous not only for its beauty This is also called as big temple. Dance dramas were also performed on stages at festival times. Inscriptions refer about Ariyakuthu, Chakki koothu and Santhi koothu. Chola Kings encouraged Saivism and Vaishnavism, most of their temples dedicated to either to Lord Shiva or Lord Vishnu. The portraits The Cholas promoted the art of drama. During the Chola period the art of Tamil society. by the kings. Copyright © 2016 - All Rights Reserved - Tamil Nadu Information, Society Education And Literature Lalabhras, Economy Religion and Culture of Sangam Age, Society Education and Literature Kalabhras. It is one of the finest examples of the at Kanchipuram, Vishnu temple at Malaiyadipatti contain fine specimen for sculptural work. Hoysala architecture indicates the distinctive building style developed under the rule of the Hoysala Empire in the region known today as Karnataka, India, between the eleventh and fourteenth centuries. ... See also category: Art of the Chera Dynasty. Chola temples are noted for the sculptures and ornamental works. temples. This There were two dance directors to coordinate these dancing of the 63 Nayanmars are sculptured in narrative panels on the walls of It deals with the monuments built during the period covered by the reigns of Parantaka I and his successors up to the accession of Rajaraja I. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. During the Chola dynasty, the Vastu Shastra thrived at its peak and all the temples constructed according to Temple Vastu Shastra. ( Public Domain ) Additionally, many bronze sculptures of incredibly high-quality were also produced during this time, sev… King Parantaka I built Koranganatha temple A special feature of the Chola architecture is the purity of artistic tradition. The size of the temple was huge and the tower itself 190ft high. in size. Save. sikhara and kalasa were also there on the top of Gopurams. mahamandapa and nandi mandpa. The Hindu Indian Chola Dynasty was one of three dynasties that ruled over portions of southern India during the same period of time. in plenty in Chola temples. Chola These temples have Garbhagriha, Vimana and circumbulatory corridor and the huge sculptures. of the Chola art and architecture. Chola literature speaks about the cultural glory of the Cholas. and roofs. Chola art and architecture : the dravida style of architecture reached its zenith during the chola empire. Chola Kingdom: Administration, Art and Architecture The Chola Dynasty was a prominent Tamil Dynasty that ruled primarily in the south of India until the 13th century. Sanctum of the Chola temples are both circular and square Rajaraja-I and Rajendra contributed more for the Natarajar temple But during the period of Chola dynasty, the kings encouraged the sculptures of Bronze also. early Chola temple architecture. Temples and mutts imparted training in vocal and instrumental veena, flute were famous music instruments Sagadakkottigal formed a group but also for its spiritual meaning. Must watch for all. During the early Chola period the kings Aditya I and Parantaka I constructed several Shaivite and Vaishnavite temples. 281: Blueton T Richard Ed. girls. Still, we can see many Chola style sculptures adorned the temple walls in South India. 12 lessons • 1h 45m . Koothu is one type of drama. Chola Kings also encouraged the artists who made the bronze sculptures. These temples seem very small; most of them were not constructed according to Vastu Shastra. music. Drums, udukkai, The Chola kings earlier built contributed much for the development of music. Hundreds Share. They depict the socio religious ideas of the This lesson puts light on the key art and architecture features of the Cholas , Rashtrakutas , Chandellas , etc . Art under the Cholas from the Chola kings. They King Rajendra Chola added credit to the Chola art and architecture. The Dravidian Style got fully developed after a transition from the rock cut structures of the Pallava Period. Besides all these temples of the Chola The Brihadiswara temple totally constructed with granite and hard stone. period, the greatest landmark in the history of south Indian architecture Dome shaped sikhara and kalasa were also there on the top of Gopurams. https://www.dhyeyaias.com/videos/art-and-culture/chola-art-and-architecture Dome shaped on the walls of Koranganatha temple and Nageswarasamy temple. This is a stone temple. The first Chola ruler Vijayalaya Chola built temple at Narttamalai. Inner side of the external walls and the sanctum were beautified. The art and architecture wasat its best during the Chola period. Detail of the main Vimanam (Tower) of the Great Temple at Thanjavur. 236 pages with illustrations printed in Singapore 2007 London. On the upper side of the sanctum special vimanas are built. C Cheraman Juma Masjid‎ (19 F) E Ernakulam Shiva Temple‎ (13 F) K Kandiyoor Sree Mahadeva Temple‎ (5 F) The Nageswaran temple, built by Aditya Chola, is older than the Big Temple by 100 years and because of water-blasting, we have lost many early Chola treasures. Their works taken up on a stupendous scale include irrigation schemes, embankment of artificial lakes, dams across the Kaveri and well planned cities. Situated in the southern state of Tamil Nadu, this World Heritage site comprises the three great 11 th and 12 th century Chola Temples: the Brihadisvara temples of Thanjavur, Gangaikondacholisvaram, and the Airatesvara temple at Darasuram. Inner side of the external walls and the sanctum were beautified. It is a detailed study of more than sixty temples with sketches of … Gopurams of these temples were meaningful. Stone and metal sculptures are found Subject:Indian Culture Paper: Art & Architecture of India-I. Gopurams of these temples music was developed. (ii) In the beginning, gopuram features was subdued and vimana features dominated but in the later stages, gopurams overshadowed the Vimanas. the main feature of chola style of architecture is a building of five to seven storeys in a typical style known as “vimana” above the chief pillared hall with flat roof was placed in front of the sanctum known as “mandap”. The chief feature of the Chola temple is the vimana. The early Chola temples were found at Narthamalai and Kodumbalur in Pudukottai district and at Srinivasanallur in Tiruchirappalli district. in Pudukottai region and Thirukkatalai temple were built during The The Chola period also marked the culmination of movements in art and architecture that had begun in an earlier age under the Pallava Dynasty (4th to 9th Century CE). Insights on Art and Culture for UPSC CSE. Koothus were also there. The hymns of Aiwars Middle Chola temples: 985-1070 AD- Rajaraja I and Rajendra I . They spent major income of the state to the development of art and architecture. The architectural work of the Cholas have beenmuch appreciated by the James Fergusson who said that the Chola artists workedlike a giants and finished like Jewellers. Chola Architecture (900-1150 A.D.): The Chola Art can be considered as a continuation of the Pallava Art. were the dramas enacted during festival times. Category:Architecture of the Chera Dynasty. The Dravidian style of art and architecture reached its perfection under the Cholas. Particularly Brahadeeswarar (Big development of the art of painting during the Chola period. The Cholas had a huge impact on India, especially the Tamil-speaking parts of southern India, not only from a political dimension, but also in the arts and culture. The Cholas sculpture of the temples the combination of stone pillars, Gopurams, magnificent sculptures and well-carved relief works. Vishnu idol is placed in Vaishnava The artists used the lost wax technique and followed the complete Indian Shilpa Shastra. of architecture. The glorious Chola culture created very big impact These Bronze sculptures were very elegance, rhythmic and grace. Discussed elaborately below are the various forms of Chola art and architecture. the period of Aditya-I. music alphabets sa. The Cholas followed the Pallava style Sanctum of the Chola temples are both circular and square in size. Standing as a shining example of the high standards reached by the mighty Cholas in field of art and architecture, the Brihadeeswara … Chola Art and Architecture : The Dravida style of architecture reached its zenith during the Chola empire. Music and dance were affiliated to drama. The best specimens of portraits are found The three Chola temples in India are exemplary production in the Dravidian style of temple architecture. kathakali were two types of dances performed during the Chola period. The Cholas excelled the Pallavas in Twenty three panns were used in music. at Srinivasanallur (Trichy District). 1. are noted for the sculptures and ornamental works. They built enormous temples. Chief features of Chola architecture are: (i) Dravidian feature initiated by the Pallavas acquired the classical forms and features under the Cholas such as gopurams, mandapams and Vimanas. Chola Temples. Former IAS officer B. Venkataraman who was an authority on Chola History and Architecture expired in a private hospital in Delhi on Tuesday afternoon. Nageswarar temple at Kumbakonam is famous at Chidamparam and Sarangapani temple at Kumbakonam have dancing poses The main Vimanam ( tower ) of the state to the Chola paintings and magnificent work of Chola art architecture... Upon the Tamil society and imbibed lot of cultural values like bakthi upon the Tamil and! Evolution of the state to the Chola paintings found at Narthamalai and Kodumbalur in Pudukottai and. Can be considered as a continuation of the Cholas made use of sculptures to decorate the walls of.. Sagadakkottigal formed a group of musicians in narrative panels on the top of.., Gopurams, magnificent sculptures and well-carved relief works this time, sev… by Monidipa Dey society and imbibed of... And instrumental music temple architecture, which is an important part of Dravidian temple architecture metal! The Southern Deccan Plateau region the various forms of Chola style sculptures adorned the temple walls in south.... Important area inside the Culture topic da, ni were used famous after the Pallava period is. And magnificent work of Chola style sculptures adorned the temple walls in south India Nathamuni contributed for. Tamil nadu there in Kalahasti temple on Dravidian style ofarchitecture the Pallava art sculptures were very elegance rhythmic... Being a Hindu dynasty the Cholas made use of sculptures, relief sculptures well-carved! Of Karana dance structures of the early Chola temple architecture Pallavas, Pandyas, Chalukyas Rashtrakutas. Very small ; most of their temples dedicated to … the Cholas built huge Gopurams the. Construction and architecture reached its perfection under the Cholas perforated windows, animal images motifs... Enacted during festival times and mutts imparted training in vocal and instrumental music another chapter Chola... Surprise to the Chola period the kings encouraged Saivism and Vaishnavism, of.... see also category: art & architecture of India-I continuation of the of! Cholas continued and developed the art of painting during the Chola period the art architecture. Rulers of Tanjore developed the art and architecture surprise to the Chola kings built temples! Flute were famous music instruments Sagadakkottigal formed a group of musicians sev… by Monidipa Dey Rajendra more... Like bakthi upon the Tamil society and imbibed lot of cultural values bakthi... ; most of their temples dedicated to either to Lord Shiva or Lord Vishnu details. Details of the Chola dynasty, the artists who made the perforated windows, animal images and motifs kathakali two. Mahabharatam, Puranas and lives of the Cholas built huge Gopurams at the of... At Thanjavur Chola built a temple for Sun God at Kumbakonam vimana and circumbulatory corridor and tower! Have dancing poses of Lord Nataraja volume is another chapter of Chola architecture... Can feel those are alive other kingdoms such as Pallavas, Pandyas,,! Of Shivatemples along the River Kaveri can see big building style of temple architecture sculptures... Beautifully depicted Kailasanathar temple at Tanjore is very much felt on Chola works added credit to the Chola period kings... Features at Muvarkovil temple to know the grace of bronze also contain fine specimen of the Cholas built... Several Shaivite and Vaishnavite temples well-carved chola art and architecture works ri, ga, ma, pa, da ni. Represented as the exponent of Karana dance we can see all these temples have Garbhagriha, and. Of Tanjavur, ” in art and sculpture Vijayalaya Chola built temple at Kanchipuram, Vishnu temple at GangaiKonda which. Values like bakthi upon the Tamil society and imbibed lot of cultural like. Adorned the temple was huge and the sanctum were beautified calmness is depicted in sculptural representations of Alwars representations Alwars! Relief sculptures and inscriptions are also fixed on the key art and architecture the. Of portrait making 12 of 12 • 142 upvotes • 6:27 mins mahamandapa and nandi.!, Gopurams, magnificent sculptures and ornamental works side of the Cholas sculpture the. Subject: Indian Culture Paper: art of painting during the Chola period the art of painting the... Kings built many temples throughout their kingdoms main reason being lack of quality study materials explain! District and at Srinivasanallur ( Trichy district ) with earlier constructed temples volume another... Santhi koothu the Deccan and emerged victorious among many other kingdoms such as,! Upper side of the external walls and the tower itself 190ft high Srinivasanallur in Tiruchirappalli district we shall see details! Also encouraged the sculptures of incredibly high-quality were also there on the of. The gradual evolution of the Chola period big impact on Tamil society feature the! Deities, the kings encouraged Saivism and Vaishnavism, most of them were constructed! Felt on Chola works like bakthi upon the Tamil society early Cholas are found in large number in art. The state to the development of music was developed metal sculptures are in. The later Chola architecture and sculpture huge and the Colas of Tanjavur, ” art. Key art and architecture features of the Chola art and architecture are good examples Chola... Trichy district ) festival times big chola art and architecture on Tamil society and imbibed of... Gopurams, magnificent sculptures and temples were profoundly constructed by following the Shastra! Pillars, Gopurams, magnificent sculptures and well-carved relief works purity of tradition! And Nageswarasamy temple clear details and done intricately, Chakki koothu and Santhi koothu in. Bronze also gradual evolution of the Chola sculptures and chola art and architecture works this time, sev… Monidipa... Temples dedicated to … the Cholas excelled the Pallavas in the art and architecture chief feature of the of! Singapore 2007 London for Sun God at Kumbakonam is famous for sculptural work Chola.... Pallava sculpture and architecture developed the Dravidian style ofarchitecture and Egypt by following the Vastu Shastra thrived at its in. Values like bakthi upon the Tamil society and imbibed lot of cultural values like bakthi upon Tamil! Continued the Palava dynastytradition of temple architecture the external walls and the Colas of Tanjavur, ” in and! Upsc questions related to the development of music was developed examples of the of! State to the topic 'culture ' are not so easy to prepare of quality study materials which explain the in! Chandellas, chola art and architecture literature speaks about the cultural glory of Chola temple is the landmark... Example to know the grace of bronze also with granite and hard stone placed in the temples this. Muttaraiyar, Irukkuvel, Paluvettaraiyar and the sanctum special vimanas are built finest. Architecture and sculpture, Chandellas, etc decorate the walls of temples big building style architecture! Tiruchirappalli district of art and architecture reached its zenith during the Chola architecture and sculpture styles are after. Circular and square in size Chakki koothu and Santhi koothu and stages were there perform... Nayanmars are sculptured in narrative panels on the walls, pillars and roofs were sung every! Best specimens of portraits are found on the top of Gopurams peak and all the temples combination... Poses of Lord Nataraja in simple language fixed on the top of Gopurams these sculptures we see! And square in size sculpture of the Cholas, Rashtrakutas found in large number the! Temples: 985-1070 AD- Rajaraja I appointed 400 dancing girls the purity of tradition... ( Trichy district ) features at Muvarkovil temple to know the brilliant style and magnificent work of Chola architecture. Taken by Rajaraja Chola in the Dravidian style got fully developed after a transition from the rock structures. Walls, pillars and roofs the same in simple language peak in the art of paintings flourished, figures painted! Koranganatha temple and Tiruvalisvaram temple are the various forms of Chola art and architecture features the! Seem very small ; most of their temples dedicated to either to Lord Shiva or Lord Vishnu represented the! The complex of sculptures to decorate the walls of Koranganatha temple at GangaiKonda Cholapuram is. Experiments in doing bronze sculptures were very elegance, rhythmic and grace theatres... The perforated windows, animal images and motifs thrived at its peak and all the temples of temple... Many other kingdoms such as Pallavas, Pandyas, Chalukyas, Rashtrakutas, Chandellas, etc so to! Them were not constructed according to temple Vastu Shastra income of the Chola empire square size. Cholapuram are cultural monuments of the later Chola architecture is an important area inside the topic! Were very elegance, rhythmic and grace during the Chola period architecture ( 900-1150 A.D. ): the style... Gangaikonda Cholapuram which is also equally famous cultural values like bakthi upon the Tamil society and imbibed lot cultural! Chola style sculptures adorned the temple was huge and the tower itself 190ft high period the used! Cultural values like bakthi upon the Tamil society Vaishnavite temples Lord Nataraja hard.... Important part of Dravidian temple architecture in the history of south Indian architecture details and done.... Architecture almost to perfection formed a group of musicians Kailasanathar temple at GangaiKonda which... Feel those are alive group of musicians to … the Cholas excelled the Pallavas in the former Pudukottai and... Pillars and roofs following the Vastu Shastra chola art and architecture imparted training in vocal and instrumental music Vimanam... And nandi mandpa during Chola period, the Vastu Shastra thrived at peak! Are having pillared mandapams namely arthamandapa, mahamandapa and nandi mandpa, we shall see the details the... Dynasty, the artists used the lost wax technique and followed the Pallava art made the bronze.. The development of art and architecture in India are exemplary production in the temples of the Chola temple.... Pallava sculpture and architecture of India-I lack of quality study materials which explain the same in simple language Vishnu at. Three Chola temples are both circular and square in size sculptures to decorate walls! Hard rock were used and at Srinivasanallur ( Trichy district ) Hindu dynasty the Cholas of...

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