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Navy - 3,319,586. More Questions at Ask Mr. History. 2. The U.S. lost 400,000 troops during the war, about 139,000 of them in Europe. *Full Latino numbers are not known because Latinos, other than Puerto Ricans, did not serve in segregated units, like African Americans. World History Group This was challenging as there isn't much good information out there. There were 4,770,000 American Jews at the time, accounting for 3.6% of the US population, meaning they were proportionally represented. 885, enacted September 16, 1940, was the first peacetime conscription in United States history. What age were the oldest draftees in WWII? *Coast Guard listed only as wartime strength. Non-combat jobs: 38.8% of enlisted personnel had rear echelon assignments—administrative, support, or manual labor. Many men volunteered for the draft so even some of the draftees were … What was the total number of people involved in the German, Japanese, and U.S. military in W.W.2, and what percent of the total population of each country was each? 504-528-1944, Institute for the Study of War and Democracy, Navy’s Women Accepted for Voluntary Emergency Service (WAVES), 38.8% (6,332,000) of U.S. servicemen and all servicewomen were volunteers, Overseas service: 73% served overseas, with an average of 16 months abroad, Combat survivability (out of 1,000): 8.6 were killed in action, 3 died from other causes, and 17.7 received non-fatal combat wounds. Draftees accounted for 30.4% (17,725) of combat deaths in Vietnam. On December 1st, 1969, America's first military draft lottery since World War II was held. Myth: Most Vietnam veterans were drafted. Japan is harder to pin down, since it was on and off at war from 1931 through 1945. But those World War II soldiers didn’t come from all the states equally: ? 3. With the war in Vietnam as a backdrop – and the futures … Over 550,000 Jewish-Americans served in the armed forces during World War II, account for 3.5% of the roughly 16 million American soldiers in total, the highest number of Jewish soldiers of any participating country. It was the best-educated and most egalitarian military force in America's history -- and with the advent of the all-volunteer military, is likely to remain so. This Selective Service Act required that men who had reached their 21st birthday but had not yet reached their 36th birthday register with local draft boards. Of course, the Marine, Navy & Air Corps enlisted personnel were, with the exception of a small percentage of USMC, all volunteer & as it turned out almost 50% of Army enlisted casualties were also volunteer. Army - 8,266,373. On June 20, 1940, Senator Ed Burke (D., NE) introduced a modified version of the MCTA bill in the Senate with Congressman James Wadsworth (R., … The National WWII Museum 14.3K views Jon Guttman Average base pay: enlisted—$71.33 per month; officer—$203.50 per month. When first proposed in 1940, pre-war conscription was extremely controversial. Since 292,131 Americans died in WW-II and about 60 percent of the US Force were drafted, a good estimate would be about 175,000. 945 Magazine Street, New Orleans, LA 70130 The American Soldier in VietnamMore than 2.5 million American men served in Vietnam during the war. Since 292,131 Americans died in WW-II and about 60 percent of the US Force were drafted, a good estimate would be about 175,000. The vast majority of troops were volunteers; of the 2,200,000 Union soldiers, about 2% were draftees, and another 6% were substitutes paid by draftees. During the mobilization period before and during World War II, roughly some 21 million … The draft policy at the time of the V'nam War was called the Universal Mili Training & Service Act. Some of these men were career military officers. The Navy and Air Force would take drafted soldiers, but only after the correct training had been completed. 1. Willy Brandt, German political leader. ? The push for draft legislation came from a small group of leaders that had been in the pre-World War I"Preparedness" movement. The WW2 Museum states that 17.8m US personnel served in the war, of which 6.3m were volunteers, and 11.5m were draftees. In fact, nearly one million men were drafted in 1941, before the bombing of Pearl Harbor, and about two-thirds of the manpower for the entire war was provided by … [Westmoreland] Approximately 70% of those killed were volunteers. 98% of those who served were male. Don’t miss the next Ask Mr. History question! The Selective Service Act of 1917 or Selective Draft Act (Pub.L. HistoryNet.com is brought to you by Historynet LLC, the world's largest publisher of history magazines. Roughly 50 percent of the British war effort was focused on the Western Front, and men there suffered a disproportionately high number of casualties – 12 percent of those sent were killed and 37.56 percent wounded, for a total of almost 56% battle casualties, when the odds of going missing or becoming a POW are accounted for. By the end of the war in 1945, 50 million men between eighteen and forty-five had registered for the draft and 10 million had been inducted in the military. I see the twin tower guys got lots of money but we who were used as canon fodder at Khe Sahn are still screwed. But the 6 million who enlisted, would have been drafted, but by enlisting, they were able to choose what service to enlist in. 61.2% (11,535,000) were draftees. 66% of U.S. armed forces members were drafted during WWII). Of those serving about 40 percent were not citizens, and unlike Japanese and Filipino Americans, 75 percent served in non-segregated units. After January 1943, this would change, but the army still received the majority of drafted soldiers. 76–783, 54 Stat. [9] [10] The Confederacy had far fewer inhabitants than the Union , and Confederate President Jefferson Davis proposed the first conscription act on March 28, 1862; it was passed into law the next month. It has been estimated that between 12,000 and 20,000 Chinese American men, representing up to 22 percent of the men in their portion of the U.S. population, served during World War II. Steven Spielberg, film director (E.T., Jurassic Park, and Schindler's List). Author has 12.7K answers and 53.7M answer views According to the National WWII Museum, 61.2% of the military were drafted, leaving 38.8% as volunteers. Although only 25 percent of the military force in the combat zones were draftees, the system of conscription caused many young American men to volunteer for the armed forces in order to have more of a choice of which division in the military they would serve. But in reality, only one-third of Vietnam-era veterans entered the military through the draft, far lower than the 66 percent drafted in World War II. World War II losses of the Soviet Union from all related causes were about 27,000,000 both civilian and military, although exact figures are disputed. 25% (648,500) of total forces in country were draftees. Research Director Statistics on American, German and Japanese forces are not hard to find, but they often refer to those under arms at certain times (e.g., at the start or end of the war) rather than the grand total. Germany had a grand total of 22,000,000 in some form of service out of a population of 69,850,000, representing 31 percent. About 7 out of ten in our squad were drafted and we got the bad jobs, such as walking point, m-60 machine gunner etc. Led by attorney Grenville Clark, the Military Training Camps Association (MTCA) started a lobbying campaign for compulsory military service in May. Germany had a grand total of 22,000,000 in some form of service out of a population of 69,850,000, representing 31 percent. United States Army soldiers … Other national statistics can be found on the net or in current books on World War II, should you care to work out further percentages on all the other combatants … though I presume you don’t? Profile of US Servicemen (1941-1945) 38.8% (6,332,000) of U.S. servicemen and all servicewomen were volunteers. To receive notification whenever any new item is published on HistoryNet, just scroll down the column on the right and sign up for our RSS feed. 45% x 65,835,000 men = 29,625,750 men 20-49 years of age. A total of 12,209,238 Americans were in military service by September 2, 1945, representing 9 percent of the 131,028,000 U.S. population. When Saving Private Ryan came out, one of the facts that was given on talk shows was that the actors were too old. But many others were poor or working-class teenagers who enlisted or were drafted into the military right out of high school. In November 1942, with the United States now a participant in the war, and not merely a neutral bystander, the draft ages expanded; men 18 to 37 were now eligible. Continue Reading. With German power growing in Europe, on September 16, 1940 the United States inaugurated its first peacetime draft, the Selective Service and Training Act, which went into practice on October 29. Overseas service: 73% served overseas, with an average of 16 months abroad. A total of 12,209,238 Americans were in military service by September 2, 1945, representing 9 percent of the 131,028,000 U.S. population. 65–12, 40 Stat. According to war correspondent Eric Margolis, a ridiculous 75-80 percent of all Axis casualties during World War II were inflicted by the USSR. That number of enlistees is remarkable. Because of casualties and other separations, the peak mobilized strength was only 12.2m (1945). —C.O.? Men in military = 15,6. The Russians lost about 10 million soldiers, with another 15 million wounded and a further 17 million civilian deaths. In 1941 the Imperial Army numbered 1,700,000, while at the end of the war the Navy numbered 1,663,223. [11] 2/3 of the men who served in Vietnam were volunteers. Compare this to Iraq, where only about 1% of all Americans served (not including private contractors). Katie Holmes, actress (Dawson's Creek TV series, Batman Begins). Assume about half were women, then men 20-49 = 45% of all men in 1940. Even though the National Defense Act of 1916 provided for the gradual expansion of the regular army and reserves, the United States was forced to build an army based on volunteer enlistments and the draft. For more information about induction statistics, call Selective Service at 703-605-4100. Marine Corps - 469,925. The Selective Training and Service Act of 1940, also known as the Burke–Wadsworth Act, Pub.L. During the war approx 10 men men were drafted, another 6 million enlisted. Supposedly, most of the soldiers were 18 to 21 years old, according to the experts. More than 24 million men registered for the draft, and almost 2.7 million men were furnished to the U.S. Army by conscription. Dear C.O. 76, enacted May 18, 1917) authorized the United States federal government to raise a national army for service in World War I through conscription.It was envisioned in December 1916 and brought to President Woodrow Wilson's attention shortly after the break in relations with Germany in February 1917. I couldn't find this info at the selective service site. In 1945 there were 12,055,884 service members. Average duration of service: 33 months. info@nationalww2museum.org HistoryNet.com contains daily features, photo galleries and over 5,000 articles originally published in our various magazines. Add them up and one has 4.7 percent under arms out of 71,380,000 Japanese. Brad Pitt, actor (12 Monkeys, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button). Mayor of Berlin and Chancellor of West Germany. And what did Australian soldiers do when they went to WW2? The US population in 1945 was 140 million, so roughly 11% of all Americans fought in World War II. Most of the men who were drafted went into the Army. 88.4 percent of the men who actually served in Vietnam were white. Japan is harder to pin down, since it was on and off at war from 1931 through 1945. The last man inducted entered the U.S. Army on June 30, 1973 during the last draft conducted. The following shows the number of men who were inducted into military service through the Selective Service System during the major 20th century conflicts. Ty (Tyrus Raymond) Cobb, American baseball player, first man to be elected to the Baseball Hall of Fame. 2/3 of the men who served in World War II were drafted. During the Vietnam War era (draft era to be precise) blacks of military age made up 13.5 percent of the total population, but only 9.7 percent of the Vietnam era military forces were black. Of 1940, also known as the Burke–Wadsworth Act, Pub.L 9 percent of the US Force drafted... 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